Post-Disaster Reunification of Children

The separation of children from parents and guardians during a natural disaster remains a critical issue facing emergency response teams, and schools play a crucial role in the reunification of families. The guide outlines steps being taken at a national level to address this issue and a checklist of planning considerations that school communities should address to get children and their parents back together in the event of an emergency.

Resource Link:

http://www.nationalmasscarestrategy.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/post-disaster-reunification-of-children-a-nationwide-approach.pdf

“Threat Assessment in Schools” Secret Service

The threat assessment presented in this guide is an approach to addressing targeted school violence. Leveraging their experience with assassinations and high-level security, the Secret Service outlines methods of evaluation and the implementation of a Threat Assessment Team to aid districts in protecting students. It is recommended to be a tool as part of a larger districtwide plan to create a culture of safety and emotional respect within the school community.

Resource Link:

https://www.secretservice.gov/data/protection/ntac/ssi_guide.pdf

“Caring for Children in a Disaster” Centers for Disease Control

This resource center highlights some unique aspects of caring for children during a natural disaster and identifies specific threats, common misconceptions, and strategies for coping that school districts may consider while creating their emergency preparedness plan. The tools and resources provided include educational material, checklists and planners, and recommendations for alleviating stress and anxiety in children caught in a disaster. It also has a special section on anticipating care needs for students with special needs.

Resource Link:

https://www.cdc.gov/childrenindisasters/index.html

“Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines” The University of Virginia

An evidence-based program, the Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines gives districts a step-by-step method for evaluating the likelihood and severity of potential violence against their community. It also provides safe, structured ways of addressing the threat, once it has been assessed. It emphasizes early attention to bullying and student conflict before those behaviors escalate, paired with a flexible, problem-solving approach.

Resource Link:

https://curry.virginia.edu/sites/default/files/images/YVP/VSTAG%20summary%206-18-18.pdf

Practical Information on Crisis Planning; a guide for schools and communities

This publication is intended to give school districts, and cities the critical concepts and components of a proper crisis planning, stimulate thinking about the crisis preparedness process and provide examples of promising practices. Crisis plans need to be customized to communities, districts, and schools to meet the unique needs of residents and students. Crisis plans also need to address state and local school safety plans.

Resource Link:

https://rems.ed.gov/docs/PracticalInformationonCrisisPlanning.pdf

Principles of Emergency Management

In spite of the constant inference in books, articles, and papers related to emergency management, nowhere in the vast array of literature on the subject was an agreed upon definition of what the principles of emergency management should be.

In 2007, Dr. Wayne Blanchard of FEMA’s Emergency Management Higher Education Project convened a working group of emergency management practitioners and academics to consider principles of emergency management.

Resource Link:

https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1822-25045-7625/principles_of_emergency_management.pdf

The Minnesota Comprehensive School Safety Guide, 2011 edition

The Minnesota Comprehensive School Safety Guide, 2011 edition.

Minnesota has in recent years suffered from natural disasters including fires, tornados, floods that have impacted daily school operations. Unfortunately, the state has also been affected by acts of violence at schools, including shootings, assaults, and suicides.

This guide is one of the best examples of school emergency planning in the nation. The emergency procedures contained therein are practical and yet meet national standards for school safety.

Resource Link:

https://www.nfpa.org/-/media/Files/Public-Education/By-topic/Schools/MinnesotaSchool-Safety-Guide.ashx?la=en